Will form clumps to 10 wide and approximately 7 in height. Makes a nice bonsai like shrubtree up to max of 6 tall. On feb 29, 2004, palmbob from acton, ca zone 8b wrote. A properly grown plant is a joy, especially when it is in flower, for then each short, erect finger is covered with fragrant, pure white or yellow flowers. This page was last edited on 2 february 2012, at 11.
Plants of the genus euphorbia are prolific producers of diterpenes of great biomedical interest. It contains at least 2,100 species and is one of the most diverse groups of flowering plants on earth. The term spurge is derived from the old frenchmiddle english word which is today known as to purge. A rather variable densely pubescent to almost glabrous muchbranched prostrate annual or perennial herb with stems to 20 cm long. Its unusual foliage offers all year round greenery, and is extremely low maintenance. Euphorbia paralias, which belongs to this group, is a hardy perennial plant inhabiting sandy coasts and shingle beaches and it is native to the entire mediterranean region. Southwestern asia, britain, europe, mediterranean culture.
In fact, the sap of these plants is a natural purgative or laxative. Names of euphorbia in various languages of the world are also given. Pdf phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of ethanolic leaves extract of euphorbia hirta on some. The complex greenyellow inflorescence, typical of euphorbia, appears in late spring and. Comparative studies of niche evolution and diversification. Sorting euphorbia names multilingual multiscripted plant. Species on this page a names approved by most authorities, s approved as synonyms. Euphorbia heterophylla, woundhealing activity, phytochemical, bioactivity and rattus novergicus introduction medicinal plants are of great importance to the health of individuals and communities in general. Bare root euphorbia should be somewhat dry in the bags, so if condensation has formed on the inside of the bag, open and let it air out. Pdf phytotoxicity study of euphorbia granulata forssk.
Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. India is known worldwide for its ayurvedic treatment. Plant combination ideas plant family euphorbia spurges. How euphorbia is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Euphorbia piscidermis is a very unusual collectors plant and one of the most remarkable of succulents. General information euphorbia grantii is a semisucculent, fewstemmed shrub or a sparingly branched small tree. Agaloma graminifolia raf anisophyllum granulatum forssk. It is a relatively fast growing species, but it it possible to increase the speed of growth to some extent by providing adequate amount of water, warmth, and fertilizer during the active growing season, but its susceptible. Euphorbia granulata forssk is a medicinal plant used in many countries for treating different ailments. Euphorbia milii, crown of thornsthorny, bushy plant that loves warm, wet weather. Euphorbia the members of this plant family are loved for as much for their madly attentionseeking forms, textures and colours, as for their ability to thrive in tough spots. Phytotoxicity study of euphorbia granulata forssk against lemna minor and radish seeds article pdf available in life science journal 116s. Euphorbias, with the family name of euphorbiaceae, are plants known more commonly as spurges.
Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in euphorbia. One warning that milky sap is an irritant, so wear gloves when pruning. Formerly included in the genus chamaesyce, this species is reclassified under euphorbia. Plant your euphorbia in full sun to part shade in average to rich, welldrained soil, and euphorbia polychroma will tolerant dappled shade. The oldest remedies known to mankind are herbal medicines.
I dont prune my pencil cactus aka euphorbia tirucalli in botanic circles very often, but when i do, i always have a rag in hand to catch and eventually to help stop the flow of the sap. They all produce a mostly white latex which they exude when cut, and this sap is often toxic. Euphorbia hirta is often used traditionally for female disorders, respiratory ailments cough, coryza, bronchitis, and asthma, worm infestations in children, dysentery, jaundice, pimples, gonorrhea, digestive problems, and tumors. Silverleaved euphorbia varieties are lowgrowing and adapt well to sunny environments. This plant has firm, smooth leaves, colorful blooms, and branches and stems that are covered in sharp thorns. Euphorbia euphorbia milii, sometimes referred to as crown of thorns, is a flowering succulent that is native to madagascar. It is a bushy evergreen perennial, growing to a height of 80 cm 31 in, with dark green slightly hairy leaves about 6 cm 2 in long.
The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 79949 with original publication details. Euphorbia simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pdf the oldest remedies known to mankind are herbal medicines. This looks like a lot but grin lists 597 taxa under this species and kew rbg lists 5188 records. Notes on taxonomy and nomenclature top of page pinio ii, king of the mauritania region by 30 bc, named a local african plant euphorbia in consideration to euphorbus, a renowned medical doctor who discovered the medicinal properties of euphorbia resinifera. Martins ekor, in toxicological survey of african medicinal plants, 2014. They also are more flexible with drainage in comparison to other euphorbia plants and can be tolerant to lowerquality soil.
When it is not in flower, no one would suspect it of being a euphorbia. Euphorbia species, sevenrib euphorbia, milk barrel. That usually takes around 5 minutes and that it can really spill out so id recommend having a rag or paper towel in hand when pruning euphorbias. Herbal medicine is the oldest form of medicine known to mankind.
Cytotoxic activity evaluation of euphorbia granulata forssk. Euphorbia is a highly diverse plant genus, comprising some 5,000 currently accepted taxa this is an alphabetical list of the euphorbia species and notable infraspecific taxa the list includes the former and never generally accepted genus chamaesyce, as well as the related genera elaeophorbia, endadenium, monadenium, synadenium and pedilanthus which according to recent dna sequencebased. A large image of euphorbia spurge from the usda plants database. A brilliant and lowcare mediterranean border glowing in the last hours of the day, the small polkadotted pads of opuntia microdasys bunny ears warm up to a golden color, transforming this waterwise border into a mediterranean paradise.
Euphorbia myrsinites has spidery arms and produces yellow top knot flowers in the spring. Plants profile for euphorbia characias albanian spurge. Ars germplasm resources information network euch calphotos euch wildlife. Pubescent annual herb, with prostrate branches to 20 cm long, sometimes woody towards the base. Euphorbia aegyptiaca indica boiss euphorbia arillata edgew euphorbia forskaolii glabrata j. A dwarf evergreen shrub, this euphorbia x martini cultivar, or martins spurge is perfect for small city gardens, in either borders or planters. Euphorbia consanguinea schrenk has been recorded as being used in chinese traditional medicine in xinjiang, and e. Euphorbia granulata euphorbia forsskaolii, euphorbia turcomanica, local name lubaina on roadside of a road to zubara in area of al magdah farms in northern qatar, may 2, 2014 al ghuwairiya hc st, alghuwayriyah, qatar. Euphorbia lacteafanlike scalloped branches and black spines. Geant parmi les plantes a fleurs, le genre euphorbia l. Gilbert5, hansjoachim esser6, stefan dressler7, petra hoffmann8, lynn j. A spurge like plant, this one does take some frost despite published info that it doesnt, but can lose or damage leaves. Mcpherson11 1 department of forestry, south china agricultural university.
Euphorbia inermis is a manybranched medusaeform euphorbia up to about 50 cm in diameter with branches radiating like fingers from a central stem, continued below ground as a large fleshy tuber. Euphorbia amygdaloides, the wood spurge, is a species of flowering plant in the family euphorbiaceae, native to woodland locations in europe, turkey and the caucasus. It was the mainstay of many early civilizations and still the most widely practiced form of medicine in the world today. Euphorbia grandialatastart out upright and spread into a bush. Common names include poinsettia, spurge, or just euphorbia many of these plants have develped a defence against herbivory. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about euphorbia species, sevenrib euphorbia, milk barrel euphorbia heptagona supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at. Euphorbia is a genus of plants in the euphorbiaceae family. Euphorbia aeruginosa, native to south africa, forms branching 4sided aqua pencillike stems with coppery spines extending from dark vertical bands along the margins of the stems. Pharmacology and therapeutic potential of euphorbia hirta. Most prefer welldrained, light soil in full sun, although some euphorbia prefer moist, humusrich soil in part shade or permanently moist soil in full sun. This is a small succulent euphorbia covered with characteristic fishscales that looks something like a small golf ball, it can branch slowly. The medicinal value of plants lies in some chemical substances that produce a definite physiological action on the human body. Leaves subsessile, ovate, 49 x 24 mm, margin entire.
Perennial euphorbia plant spurge succulent growing guide. It was discovered on both eleuthera and new providence islands as a weedy species. This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by rhs experts. A very high level of iron in kanthaarak euphorbia granulata as analyzed in the present study has also been reported by parvez et al. The results can also be downloaded as a csv file unicode utf8 encoding see status, confidence level, source for definitions. Linnaeus adopted the name euphorbia to describe the whole genus. The euphorbia family is in the group malpighiales, one of the largest groups in the plant kingdoms.816 1070 1579 508 633 365 857 962 866 1069 25 213 1453 967 1505 415 504 1105 634 58 49 1326 335 400 535 1414 415 63 973 1102 1278 1097 5